The Energy Division of Acciona has developed a pioneering solution in the field of hybridization between wind and photovoltaic power. It consists of covering a wind-turbine tower with flexible organic panels to produce energy for the internal electricity consumption of the turbine.
The innovative project will allow the study of the performance of the organic panels — an emerging photovoltaic technology — and their application to improve wind-turbine efficiency.
The system has been installed in one of the turbines of the Breña Wind Farm in Albacete, Spain, which Acciona owns and operates. The turbine is an AW77/1500 of Nordex-Acciona Windpower technology, mounted on an 80-meter-high steel tower (hub height).
Installed on the tower are 120 solar panels facing southeast-southwest to capture the maximum of the sun’s rays throughout the day. They are distributed at eight different heights, occupying around 50 meters of the tower’s surface area. The photovoltaic modules, with an overall capacity of 9.36 kilowatts peak (kWp), are of Heliatek technology (HeliaSol 308-5986 model). They are only 1 millimeter thick, and each one has a surface area of 5,986 x 308 mm.
In contrast to the conventional technology used in the manufacture of photovoltaic models based on silicon, these organic panels use carbon as raw material and are characterized by their structural flexibility, which makes them adaptable to different surfaces. Other key features are lower maintenance costs, less energy consumption during manufacture, easier logistics, and the complete recycling of the materials used, although their efficiency is still below that of silicon modules.
“The hybridization project in Breña means the optimization of the use of space for renewable energy production, and it will enable us to test the efficiency of organic photovoltaics, a technology that we believe has one of the best improvement curves in terms of technological efficiency,” said Belén Linares, energy innovation director at Acciona. “That is why we have decided to pilot it.”
The immediate application of the Breña project is to produce part of the energy that the internal systems of the wind turbine need. When the turbine is running, some of the energy generated is used to power the auxiliary systems. In shutdown mode, certain systems need to continue functioning so they are fed from the grid, which means that the wind turbine is registering a net consumption of energy.
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